4th day (26.6.2020)
Dr. K.L. Bansal a well-known Soil Scientist of India and Presently working as Principal Scientist at Indian Agricultural Research Institute New Delhi.
He talked on the assigned topic i.e. “Importance of soil and water in agriculture”. He told about the different types of soils found in India. Eight types
of soils available in india are important for different crops cultivated in that region.
The soils can be eroded by different mean as wind and water. He told about the management of soil erosion. He said that different nutrients are essential for the plant growth.
He discussed about the integrated nutrient management. Water plays an important role in crop production. Had there been not good water it becomes very difficult to grow all crops.
He also emphasised on the build-up of organic carbon in soil. Soil and water management are essential aspects for raising the crop yield.
At the end of his talk, he discussed about the future of agriculture graduates. He told that after completion of agriculture degree they can be well placed in government and private sectors.
They can go in banks, soil testing laboratories, soil conservation officers, Agriculture development officers, Agriculture inspectors. In private sector can be placed in fertilizer
industries, poultry feed industries, animal feed industries or they can start their own entrepreneurship like compost making from kitchen waste or animal dung, varmi compost factory
and opening of soil and water testing labs etc.